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May they be forever alone for their elitist douche-baggery.

I was recently interviewing the woman who founded Her Universe and we were talking specifically about women and geekdom. I asked about the rise of girls in geek culture and she very accurately corrected me: There is no “rise” of geek girls. We’ve always been here. Girls are just as nerdy as dudes are. Ladies have always been interested in sci fi and fantasy and video games - we just don’t talk about it a lot because men are assholes. 

I hate that so many people and i can all relate to this

concerto4art-and-education asked:

Hi. Quick question about those manuscripts in Mali. What language are they written in? And what exactly is in it? Because from the info provided, it sounds a lot like texts we already knew exisisted. They're from the Islamic Empire right? I'm guessing they're written in some form of arabic, or persian? Idk exactly when some of these date from but they all seem to be from Islamic influence in the area.


So do they contain wirtten records of these african tribes? Are they written in an African tribal language? Cause those weren’t facts included in the write ups and those facts would make them extremely significant. If they’re islamic texts like ones from Istanbul and Babylon, then all they show are the extent of the Islamic empire’s reach. The university of timbuktu isn;t the achievement of Africans, it’s the achievement of the Islamic Empire. Am I confused?

Alright, we’ll answer these questions for the last one to the first one, with some facts you apparently are in dire need of.

1. Only you can decide if you’re confused or not but if you need someone to tell you if you are or not, yes.

2. Which “Islamic Empire”? If you mean “any area ever ruled by an officially Muslim Government” then we’re talking:


3.  You seem extremely invested in taking achievements away from people you are calling “Africans”, who you seem to be under the impression are separate from “Islamic Empire”, are composed of “tribes” (WTF???), and speak “an African tribal language” (???).

So, all of that^ is really weird and racist and simplistic and just…wrong.

I get that you were probably weaned on The Single Story as so beautifully elucidated here by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, but you’re obviously very intent on imagining that somehow any achievements originating in an entire continent of humans, the LARGEST continent, in fact, can and should be attributed to someone else.

If you have a mental sliding scale that associates cultural achievements in direct correlation with the skin color you image the creators of these documents to have had, that is a problem that YOU have, and does not in any way reflect reality. And that is honestly the only way I can imagine anyone could have brought themselves to say any of what you have just said.

Saying that African medieval manuscripts “all seem to be from Islamic influence in the area” is directly equivalent to saying that European medieval manuscripts are “due to Christian influence in the area”. It’s neither right or wrong, it’s just a random statement with no point.

4. “Do they contain written records of African tribes?” Considering they are still in the process of being cataloged and digitized, there is very little they probably don’t contain, considering the sheer volume of manuscripts found. Also, see above.

5. You seem very concerned about what languages and scripts there are written in. Firstly, I’m going to point out that the majority of Medieval European manuscripts are written in Latin, not English, French, German, Spanish, Swedish, and so on.

Secondly, here is a portion of the indexing at


You can read an enhanced version of one of the manuscripts here in an interactive digital format:


This volume delineates the obligations of various parties to commercial exchanges and contracts. The author focuses on sales and protection for individuals loaning money in such transactions. Poetic verse is used to aid in memorizing the text.

Annotations placed between the lines of poetry clearly indicate that this document was used as a “textbook” to train students. The teacher first read the text to the student. The student, who sat facing the teacher, then annotated the text, thus the annotations are upside down when compared to the primary text of the document.

Rotating the text on the screen allows the viewer to see the document from the position of either the teacher or the student.

Honestly it’s a a little ironic to say “they sound like manuscripts we already know about”…who is “we”? Because you apparently know very little about them.

If anyone’s curious to read more about this library and the amazing librarians who guard them, you can read a news article here about the incredible bravery and courageous defense of these incredible manuscripts by their hereditary guardians:

When Abdel Kader Haidara was 17 years old, he took a vow. Among the families of Timbuktu with manuscript collections (and the Haidaras had one of the largest), it’s traditional for one family member from each generation to swear publicly that he will protect the library for as long as he lives. The families revere their manuscripts, even honoring them once a year through a holiday called Maouloud, on which imams and family elders perform a reading from the ancient prayer books to mark the birth of the Prophet Mohammed. “Those manuscripts were my father’s life,” Haidara told me. “They became my life as well.”


“If you [lose] a manuscript, it’s gone forever,” he told me. “Each one is unique, with its own story. It can’t be replaced.”

Toward the end of our time together, Haidara asked if I’d ever seen any of the documents. I said no, just scraps, and he looked surprised and took out his cell phone. With the expression of a proud parent scrolling through baby photos, he showed me images from his former collections, now all boxed up and hidden. But his smile did not fade as he kept scrolling through photo after photo after photo.

Read More

Now if THAT doesn’t steal the breath of any bibliophile who reads it, I don’t know what on earth could.


When I was first starting the whole process of finding and applying to colleges, I was blessed enough to attend one of the best charter schools in the country, with several great teachers and a CAP Advisor that put so much time and effort into helping us figure out what we were going to do with our futures. I know not everyone is so lucky to have access to the same sort of people or resources, so here’s a long masterpost of many useful links and lots of great information you can use. If you ever want advice or to talk about college, feel free to message me!

Guides and Articles to Help Decision Making and Overall Process

For High School Students

For Students in Florida

For College Students






Financial Aid

Student Loans

Saving, Managing, and Making Money

Scheduling Courses

High-Quality Studying+Productivity Resources (FOR FREE!)

Writing Essays + Papers

Other Helpful Resources



“In 2002, having spent more than three years in one residence for the first time in my life, I got called for jury duty. I show up on time, ready to serve. When we get to the voir dire, the lawyer says to me, “I see you’re an astrophysicist. What’s that?” I answer, “Astrophysics is the laws of physics, applied to the universe—the Big Bang, black holes, that sort of thing.” Then he asks, “What do you teach at Princeton?” and I say, “I teach a class on the evaluation of evidence and the relative unreliability of eyewitness testimony.” Five minutes later, I’m on the street.

A few years later, jury duty again. The judge states that the defendant is charged with possession of 1,700 milligrams of cocaine. It was found on his body, he was arrested, and he is now on trial. This time, after the Q&A is over, the judge asks us whether there are any questions we’d like to ask the court, and I say, “Yes, Your Honor. Why did you say he was in possession of 1,700 milligrams of cocaine? That equals 1.7 grams. The ‘thousand’ cancels with the ‘milli-’ and you get 1.7 grams, which is less than the weight of a dime.” Again I’m out on the street.”

powerful Black Science Man



Wtf?! How the hell does that work?! Dumb bitch

Did you consider googleing this to see what she was referring to? Because I wasn’t sure either, but sure enough, a quick google search found: 

Clime Change will affect women more severly than men

The report, Gender and Climate Change(available here as a PDF), concludes that women are more severely affected by climate change and natural disasters because of their social roles and because of discrimination and poverty. To make matters worse, they’re also underrepresented in decision-making about climate change, greenhouse gas emissions, and, most critically, discussions and decisions about adaptation and mitigation. From the report:

For example, the 20,000 people who died in France during the extreme heat wave in Europe in 2003 included significantly more elderly women than men. In natural disasters that have occurred in recent years, both in developing and in developed countries, it is primarily the poor who have suffered—and all over the world, the majority of the poor are women, who at all levels earn less than men. In developing countries, women living in poverty bear a disproportionate burden of climate change consequences. Because of women’s marginalized status and dependence on local natural resources, their domestic burdens are increased, including additional work to fetch water, or to collect fuel and fodder. In some areas, climate change generates resource shortages and unreliable job markets, which lead to increased male-out migration and more women left behind with additional agricultural and households duties. Poor women’s lack of access to and control over natural resources, technologies and credit mean that they have fewer resources to cope with seasonal and episodic weather and natural disasters. Consequently traditional roles are reinforced, girls’ education suffers, and women’s ability to diversify their livelihoods (and therefore their capacity to access income-generating jobs) is diminished.

The report notes examples from other sources, including this:

An Oxfam Report (March 2005) on the impact of the 2004 Asia Tsunami on women raised alarms about gender imbalances since the majority of those killed and among those least able to recover were women. In Aceh, for example, more than 75 percent of those who died were women, resulting in a male-female ratio of 3:1 among the survivors. As so many mothers died, there have been major consequences with respect to infant mortality, early marriage of girls, neglect of girls’ education, sexual assault, trafficking in women and prostitution. These woes, however, are largely neglected in the media coverage.

And this:

In a study executed on behalf of ACTIONAID in 1993-1994 in the Himalayan region of Nepal, it became clear that environmental degradation has compounded stress within households and pressure on scarce resources. This meant that the pressure on children, particularly girl children, to do more work and at an earlier age was increasing. Girls do the hardiest work, have the least say and the fewest education options. Programmes that concentrate only on sending more girls to school were failing as the environmental and social conditions of the families deteriorated.

Amazing what a 5 second google search will teach you.

Yesterday a 17 year female, who attends Lancaster High School in California, was beaten by a football player, on school grounds, for being gay. After receiving over a dozen blows to her jaw, head, eye and head, all he received was a 5 day suspension by the Lancaster School District. She suffered from a fractured jaw and multiple concussions to the head and the Deputy Sheriff advised her mother to re-think her wanting to file charges against the football player because her daughter pushed him back. The school ended up documenting “assault” charges on the victims school file, NOT the football players!!! To make things worse, the Deputy Sheriff warned the victim, by saying, “Just so you know, if you file charges against him, I’m taking his side.” We’re attempting to raise awareness and bring this story to light because Lancaster High School is trying to sweep this “Hate Crime” under the rug!



Reblog if you care and please forward to everyone you know. P.S. CBS, KCAL 9 news are running the story tomorrow at 10pm.


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